A sharp blade can be a useful tool when setting up camp, fishing or cooking. It can also be dangerous when used carelessly. Policies vary among packs, troops, councils and camps when it comes to what blade types and lengths are allowed. The BSA sets no official standard on knife length. But there’s one rule everyone agrees on: pocket knife use requires responsibility.
A tool, not a toy
Cub Scout Bears can start carrying a pocket knife after completing the Whittling Chip requirements. Scouts in Scouts BSA must earn their Totin’ Chip, which also gives them the right to carry and use axes and saws.
Another important point to remember: the Whittling Chip is a Cub Scout certification and is not equivalent to the Totin’ Chip. It cannot be applied to Scouts BSA — Scouts must earn the proper certification to the appropriate program to earn the rights to carry and use knives on Scout outings.
These rights, however, can be revoked if the Scout fails to be responsible. When it comes to cutting corners off these cards, here’s the word on that practice.
Some big no-no’s:
- Throwing a knife
- Using a dull or dirty blade
- Handing a knife to someone blade first
- Cutting while others are within your “safety circle” (arm’s length)
- Carrying an open pocket knife
- Carving into something that doesn’t belong to you
- Cutting toward your body
Treating pocket knives with respect and using them accordingly not only ensures the Scout’s safety but also keeps others safe.
The Totin' Chip is an award in Scouts BSA that shows a Scout understands and agrees to certain principles of using different tools with blades. It can be physically represented by a patch or a small paper card. With this, a Scout has the right to carry and use woods tools. A Scout must demonstrate to their Scout leader, or someone designated by his leader, that they understand the responsibility.
This certification grants a Scout the right to carry and use woods tools. The Scout must show their Scout leader, or someone designated by their leader, that the Scout understands their responsibility to do the following:
Basic safety rules and requirements for this recognition are:
- Read and understand woods tools use and safety rules from the Scouts BSA handbooks.
- Demonstrate proper handling, care, and use of the pocketknife, ax, and saw.
- Use knife, ax, and saw as tools, not playthings.
- Respect all safety rules to protect others.
- Respect property. Cut living and dead trees only with permission and good reason.
- Subscribe to the Outdoor Code.
The Scout’s “Totin’ Rights” can be taken away if they fail in their responsibility. A Totin' Chip is required for the Woodcarving merit badge.
Although the patch is shaped like a pocket flap, it is not to be worn on the pocket flap. It may be worn as a temporary patch on the right pocket.
Sharp and clean
Part of pocket knife safety means maintaining the blade’s cleanliness and sharpness. To clean, open all the tools and use a toothpick or moist cloth to wipe dust and lint from inside the pocket knife. If you used any water for cleaning, apply a little light oil to the knife’s joints afterward.
Normal use can dull a blade, so get a whetstone. Hold the knife at a 25-degree angle against the stone and push the blade along it or move the blade in a circular motion. Sharpen both sides and wipe the blade. Check its sharpness by holding it under a bright light. If the edge of the blade doesn’t shine, it’s sharp.
A sharp knife is safer than a dull one because a dull blade can slip while cutting. Here’s how to clean a dirty knife.
The right blade
The BSA recommends picking the right knife for the job. Here are some tips for determining which knife might be right for the job at hand.
Your Scout Shop has many knives to choose from, including single-bladed models and ones with all the bells and whistles. (OK, none has literal bells and whistles, but they have everything else you’d need.) Click here to find pocketknives, sharpeners, axes, saws and multitools.